Book of the Gospel - contains
only the Gospel readings; used on solemn occasions and is
carried by the deacon, or in his absence, the reader.
Hymnal/Missalette - contains
all parts of the Mass for a specific season in the liturgical
year, including instructions on when to stand, sit, or kneel.
Lectionary - contains the scripture
readings for Mass.
Sacramentary - contains the opening prayer, prayer
over the gifts, prayer after communion, and solemn blessings,
Eucharistic prayers and prefaces for all of the Masses, including
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SACRED VESSELS AND OBJECTS
Chalice (CHAL-is) - the large
cup used to hold the wine that becomes the Blood of Christ.
Paten (PAT-en) - a saucer-like
disk that holds the bread that becomes the Body of Christ.
Ciborium (si-BORE-ee-um) - a
vessel used to hold the Hosts which will be used for communion;
some are cup-like and others are bowl/plate like; they are
also used to reserve the Blessed Sacrament in the tabernacle.
Decanter or Flagon (FLAG-un) -
the bottle- or pitcher-like vessel used to hold the wine which
will be consecrated at Mass for the communion of the people;
it is brought forth with the gifts.
Communion Cups - chalice-like
vessels used at communion when the people receive from the
cup; they are kept on the Credence Table and brought to the
Altar at communion time.
Pall (PAHL) - the stiff, square,
white cover that is placed over the paten when it is on the
Purificator - a white cloth
used to cleanse the chalice.
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Alb - a long, white garment that
can be used by all liturgical ministers; it is a reminder
of the baptismal garment worn when the new Christian "puts
Cincture (SINGK-sure) - a long
cord used for fastening some albs at the waist; it holds the
loose-fitting type of alb in place and is used to adjust it
to the proper length; it is usually white, although the liturgical
color of the day may be used.
Stole - a long, cloth scarf;
according to the manner in which it is work, it is the mark
of the Office of the priest or deacon. A priest wears it around
the neck, letting it hang down in front. A deacon wears it
over his left shoulder, fastening it at his right side.
Chasuble (CHAZ-uh-buhl) - the
sleeveless outer garment, slipped over the head, hanging down
from the shoulder covering the alb and stole of the priest;
it is the proper Mass vestment for the main celebrant and
its color varies according to the feast.
- Green - worn during "Ordinary Time." Ordinary does not mean ordinary in the
sense of common or normal. Ordinary means counting, as in the 15th
Sunday in Ordinary Time.
- Red - worn
on Passion (Palm) Sunday, Pentecost Sunday, and on the Feast Days of Martyrs,
including the Apostles and Evangelists.
- White - worn during the Christmas and Easter seasons and celebration of Mary, the
Angels, the Saints who were not martyrs, All Saints, Birth of John the Baptist,
Chair of Peter, Conversion of Paul, and St. John the Evangelist.
- Violet - worn during Advent and Lent
- Rose - worn on the Third Sunday of Advent (Gaudete Sunday) and the Fourth Sunday of Lent
Dalmatic (dahl-MAT-ik) - a loose-fitting
robe with open sides and wide sleeves worn by a deacon on
more solemn feasts; it takes its color from the liturgical
feast as listed above.
Cassock (KASS-uhk) - a long,
black garment worn by altar servers under the surplice; also
worn by diocesan priests (black); monsignors (rose); bishops
(violet), cardinals (red), and the Pope (white).
Surplice (SIR-plis) - a wide-sleeved
garment, slipped over the head. Covering the shoulders, and
coming down below the hips; it is worn over the cassock.
Cope (KOPE) - a cape-like garment
that is put over the shoulders and hangs to the ankles; it
is open in the front and worn by a priest or deacon in processions
at Benediction and in other services.
Benediction Veil - also called
the humeral veil; a long, narrow shawl-like vestment used
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Information Courtesy: www.archmil.org
More on Vestments (with pictures): Joe Shetler's Page